How to install Ubuntu on a Chromebook using Crouton [VIDEO]


There are many benefits to Chrome OS – speed, simplicity and affordability are just a few of them. Does this mean the Chromebook is ready to take over big guys like Windows and OS X, though? To some it might, but truth is most of us need a full, native operating system with more programs and less internet dependancy.

Ubuntu on a Chromebook

Now, this doesn’t exactly mean you need to have a second computer or opt for a completely different operating system. With Chromebooks, you can have your cake and eat it too. If you want to stick with your Chromebook, the best solution would be to install Ubuntu on your Chromebook.


There are two ways to do this: using Crouton or ChrUbuntu.

In this tutorial I will show you how to use Crouton, simply because it’s much more user-friendly and simple. In addition, it allows you to run Chrome OS and Ubuntu at the same time. You can switch between them easily, whereas ChrUbuntu forces you to reboot before switching operating systems.

Ubuntu may still sound very intimidating to some of you. After all, isn’t it an operating system for coders? This is not entirely true. Like any other OS, it has a learning curve. It is way different from Windows or OS X, but this doesn’t mean it’s out of this world.

A lot of people use Ubuntu knowing little to no coding. You can certainly use it as a consumer. If you are in for the adventure, read on.


We are about to go into the tutorial, so I must remind you that this procedure (though relatively safe) still has its risks. You will be enabling Developer Mode and that brings some dangers. Please do keep in mind that anything that may happen to your computer is solely your responsibility.

How to install Ubuntu on a Chromebook using Crouton

With all that said, let’s jump into how you can install Ubuntu on your Chromebook. Don’t get too scared. It is actually a pretty simple procedure and it’s easy to revert back. I put together the video above for you, just in case you get stuck. Here we go!

Step 1: create a Chrome OS factory image

So this part is not completely necessary, but it’s better to be safe than sorry. Things can always go wrong before playing around in Developer Mode, so I always make sure I have a Chrome OS factory image so I can restore my Chromebook if anything goes wrong.

You can find the instructions to do this by going to Google’s Chromebook recovery tutorial.

Step 2: enable Developer Mode

chrome-os-dev-modeMost Chromebooks have a slightly different way to enable Developer Mode. For some it’s a physical switch! Regardless, you can find out how to enable Developer Mode on your own computer by consulting, which has a site dedicated to such action.

After you enable Developer Mode, the computer will do its thing for a while and reboot into Chrome OS. This process does delete all your local files, so make sure to back up any important files you may have.

After all is said and done, Chrome OS will reboot and you will be presented with a screen displaying a red exclamation mark, telling you OS verification is off. You can wait 30 seconds and the screen will disappear, or you can press “Control + D” to skip it.

If you press “Space”, the computer will get off Developer Mode and everything will be cleaned again.

Step 3: download Crouton

The rest of the process is very simple. Crouton pretty much does all the work for you!

After you have downloaded this file, make sure it is placed in the Downloads folder in your Chromebook.

Step 4: install Ubuntu

  • Start the terminal on your Chromebook (Cntrl + Alt + T).
  • Type “Shell” and press Enter.
  • Type in the code (check below) that will trigger the installation. After that, you are done!

You can choose to install two versions of Ubuntu: Unity and Xfce. The biggest differences are mostly aesthetics, but Xfce does support newer versions of Ubuntu. Unity only supports Ubuntu 12.04, while Xfce runs version 13.10. Here are the codes:

Ubuntu with Unity:

sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -r precise -t unity -e

Ubuntu with Xfce:

sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -r saucy -t xfce -e

Start Ubuntu

ubuntu on chromebookThe installation will take a long time, but once it’s done you are set to go. The terminal will just ask you for a username and password. After all is said and done, all you have to do is start Ubuntu.

You can do this by accessing the terminal (Cntrl + Alt + T). Type “Shell” and press “Enter” again. Depending on which version of Ubuntu you installed, you will have to type in one of the following codes.

sudo startunity
sudo startxfce4

How to switch between Chrome OS and Ubuntu

Remember you are running both operating systems at once. This allows the user to switch back and forth at will! You can do this by pressing the following key configurations.

Access Chrome OS:

Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Back

Access Ubuntu:

Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Forward

x86-based Chromebooks:

Same configurations, but don’t use Shift. In addition, you will have to press an extra key configuration for accessing Ubuntu. After Cntrl + Alt + Forward, press Control + Alt + Refresh.

How to uninstall Ubuntu

If you realize Ubuntu is not for you, it’s very easy to revert back! There’s actually 2 ways to get rid of Ubuntu. You can either use the terminal or simply press the space bar during the warning screen you get when you boot the Chromebook. This will pretty much wipe your computer clean, so make sure you back up important files.

To uninstall Ubuntu using the terminal, simply press Cntrl + Alt + T, type “Shell” and input the following codes.

cd /usr/local/chroots
sudo delete-chroot *
rm -rf /usr/local/bin

  • timmyjoe42

    Does this work on any other Chromebooks than the Pixel? What other models are x86?

  • Eddie

    Thanks for the Tutorial! How much space xfce version needs after default-installation?
    And do you have any experience using OpenOffice / LibreOffice with this configuration? Is it fast enough for productive work?

  • Efjay

    AFAIK they are all Haswell, except the Samsung ARM Chromebooks and the HP-11

  • Efjay

    Two questions:
    1) If you don’t like Ubuntu, what else is there?
    2) What method can you use to install if you have no active internet connection at the time, ie. install from a USB drive?

  • Edgar Cervantes

    That’s about the only usable options right now. You could run Ubuntu and from that OS run an emulated version of Windows. I am sure performance won’t be great, though.

    Also, yeah. You can use a USB drive. All you need is the crouton file.

  • Edgar Cervantes

    Space should be about the same as Ubuntu in any other computer, which is about 3 GB. I have used Open Office and it works very well. We must consider using Crouton makes for a bit of a slower experience. The OS is smooth in the Chromebook, but not as fast as if it was installed natively.

    What I am trying to say is: it’s as fast as Ubuntu is when installed with Crouton.

  • Works fine on the HP 11 with ARM

  • Robert Fujita

    I cannot switch between Chrome OS and Ubuntu OS using ctrl+alt+forward. It worked a few times, but now I get to the Developer’s Console. Any help you can provide would be appreciated. Thanks.

  • Ohhhhhconnor

    ctrl + alt + shift + forward

  • Robert Fujita

    I tried this and had no success. Thanks for you suggestion.

  • VituminX

    Hello — i’m having the same problem on my Chromebook Pixel. I can boot into Ubuntu and ctrl+alt+back works just fine. However, when I do ctrl+alt+fwd I get stuck in dev console in which ctrl+alt+refresh does nothing, and I can’t even get back using ctrl+alt+back. Rather, I can sudo as chronos back into Ubuntu one more time (and then subsequently switch back to ChromeOS), but this method starts an entirely new Ubuntu session so I am unable to get back to my original one.

    The odd thing is that when I first installed this (on both my Pixel & Acer C7) the switching between OS using ctrl commands worked seamlessly as many times as I wanted. But when I shut it down and restarted, I ran into the aforementioned problem on both devices. It only seemed to work well the first time before reboot.

    Any help is greatly appreciated!!

  • Bloblo Escobar

    have you restarted you chromebook or exited ubuntu? maybe you just need to press crtl+alt t and enter shell. then enter sudo startxfce4

    Sorry if thats not the best explanation, someone could definitely do it better. this method always works for me.

  • Chris

    I had this problem. It’s an easy fix: use Ctrl-Shift-Fwd to get to the black developer screen console, then push Ctrl-Shift-Refresh key (F3 from memory) to get to your Ubuntu.

  • Chris

    Sorry, I meant Ctrl-ALT-Fwd.

  • Craig Spencer

    April 21 installed unity into chromebook c710 -working-THANK YOU !!!

  • Anna Lim

    Hi, I followed the instructions above and encountered the attached error. Please Help! Many thanks!

  • Sam

    Hi is it possible to uninstall Chrome OS ans just have Ubuntu??

  • Chrubix

    The next best thing would be to put Linux on a removable card (MMC/SD). To use the default ChromeOS, simply remove the card or press Ctrl-U at the boot screen. (Shameless plug)

  • CommanderYI

    try, Open chrome press Ctrl+Alt+T
    type (shell) only in Developer mode:
    shell }{}{}{}{}{ sudo startxfce4 }{}{}{}}{}{}
    then try switching off screenlock or screen saver in ubuntu (crouton)fixes/()())(Tweak apps can help with poking around

  • twinclouds

    It worked fine until this morning. Then I can not install it anymore. It always stopped after generating the keys. It said done but nothing was installed. Anybody know why? Thanks in advance for your help.

  • Rick David

    I use the hell out of my KDE flavored C720. 64GB San Disk FIT gives me plenty of space when I need it, my 5 TB 3.0 drive hooks right up and works great when I am at home. I even have a wireless mouse / second monitor I use while streaming which is even more perfect for surfing/chatting/looking stuff up on the side. To top it off, I bought mine used (like new, box a little scuffed up) for $160 for the 4GB (a must!) 16GB SSD version with free two day shipping on Amazon (prime). You cannot beat that deal.

  • Eliot K

    it says that it cannot open crouton
    please help

  • Guest

    Yes, but you have to install ubuntu OVER your main operating system.